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Museums

Fine Arts Museum of Uzbekistan.
Contains a major collection of art from the pre - Russian period, including Sogdian murals, Buddhist statues and Zoroastrian artifacts, serene 1000 - year - old Buddhist statues along with a more modern collection of 19th and 20th century Uzbek applied art, such as suzani embroidered hangings. There is also Russian and Asian art upstairs. Of more interest is the large collection of paintings "borrowed" from the Hermitage by Grand Duke Romanov to decorate his palace in exile in Tashkent, and never returned. Behind the museum is a small park, containing the neglected graves of the Bolsheviks who died in the Russian Revolution of 1917 and to Ossipov's treachery in 1919, along with first Uzbekistani President Yuldash Akhunbabayev. The ground floor often has exhibitions by local artists.

Museum of Applied Arts.
Housed in a traditional house built in XIX and originally commissioned for a wealthy tsarist diplomat Polovstev, the Museum of Applied Arts opened in 1937 as a showcase for turn - of - the - century applied arts. Full of bright carved plaster decorations and carved wood, the house itself is the main attraction. More than 4 thousand artifacts and exhibits (rare ceramics, gold embroidery, carpets, pictures, silk, textiles and jewellery, musical instruments and toys) of the best master craftsmen from all over Uzbekistan are exhibited here.

The History Museum of the Peoples of Uzbekistan.
The History Museum of the People of Uzbekistan, Tashkent's biggest museum has 8000 exhibits in the former Lenin Museum. One highlight in the museum is a small, peaceful Buddha figure from a Kushan temple excavated at Fayoz - Tepe near Termiz.

The Amir Timur Museum.
The Amir Timur Museum, Tashkent's newest museum, stands just north of the Amir Timur Monument. It is an impressive structure with a brilliant blue ribbed dome and a richly decorated interrior. Amir Timur Museum is one of the newly built museums in Tashkent. Marvelous architecture, gorgeous interior and rare displays of the museum produce a vivid impression for visitors and guests. The museum was devoted to the 660th anniversary of Amir Timur, the prominent statesman and general. He was the founder of Movaraunnahr Empire. The museum collection mainly consists of ancient manuscripts, paintings and engravings of Timurid's age.

Navoi Literary Museum.
A commemoration of Uzbekistan's adopted literary hero, Alisher Navoi, with replica manuscripts, Persian calligraphy and 15th century miniature paintings.

Complex “Shahidlar Hotirasi” and the museum of remembrance of repression victims
Shahidlar Hotirasi is the complex located on the bank of the Bozsu near the TV tower. It was built practically in the center of the capital of Uzbekistan on President Islam Karimov's order in 2002. Uzbek historians maintain that the complex is located precisely at the site where "enemies of the people" were executed en masse in the 1930's. A park was established there afterwards. The building of the memorial resembles ancient mausoleums. History of political repressions is what the museum is about. Organizers of the museum claim that repressions on the territory of modern Uzbekistan began when the Turkestan province of the Russian Empire was established and ended in the 1990's, when Uzbekistan retained sovereignty. The beginning of the exposition is dedicated to the period of Russian conquest of Central Asia. Here is what the explanatory notes say about this period: "Predatory policy of the Tsarist army in the 1860's and 1870's with regard to the Kokand, Khiva, and Bukhara emirates encountered ferocious resistance of our forefathers. The aggressors' military superiority enabled them to crush the resistance. The Turkestan province was formed and colonial regime established on the conquered lands. Pursuing its aggressive policy, the Russian Empire inevitably destroyed statehood of the conquered countries and transformed the latter into its colonies. Trampling on the conquered peoples' religious beliefs and national culture and violating their rights, the Tsarist Russia robbed the territories of everything. The best fertile lands were turned over to Russian settlers." The second section gives a thorough account of the anti-Russian revolt in Jizzak in 1916-1917. The uprising was fomented by the attempt to mobilize the local population for rear services in the Russian army fighting World War I. The next part of the exposition is dedicated to repressions of the Soviet era, defeat of the Turkestan autonomy in Kokand by the Bolsheviks, Red Army's merciless war on the basmachi movement (enemies of the Soviet power in Central Asia), collectivization, and dispossession of the Uzbek dehkans or peasants. Visitors can see a 3D map of the GULAG camps, where the imprisoned were sent. The next major part of the exposition deals with the last several decades of Uzbekistan as a republic of the Soviet Union. Judging by the exposition, this period too culminated in a wave of colonial looting and repressions. As the note says "$36 billion worth of cotton and gold were shipped from Uzbekistan to the center in the last fifteen years of existence of the USSR. Sum total of natural resources taken to Moscow in this period exceeded $75 billion. In the 1980's, Compulsory introduction of cotton as the only plant to be cultivated proved to the undoing of the Uzbek people. Cotton fields expanded more and more under the pressure from the center. In the late 1980's, the totalitarian regime transformed Uzbekistan into a zone of its predatory policy through fabrication of the shameful "Cotton Affair" also known as the "Uzbek Affair". It was the will and determination of President Islam Karimov that exposed these political games and machinations on the part of the totalitarian regime and that ended in rehabilitation of the innocents."