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EducationFrom the early days of independence, Uzbekistan had a great need to introduce reforms in the educational sphere, in staff training, in the education of spirituality to the youth and in the development of intellectual potential.
In 1997, under the leadership of the President Islam Karimov, a National Programme for Staff Training was worked out. The basic principles of staff training in new conditions come out of the Programme. These are the priorities, continuation and indissolubility of education and training.
Great importance is paid in the country to establish an educational system in accordance with generally accepted international standards. The Uzbek educational system includes pre - school, elementary school, general education, special and higher education.
The pre - school education covers the spiritual and moral education of children under school age, effectively preparing them for school.
The elementary education includes classes 1 - 4 and begins from 6 to 7 years of age. On the basis of all the regional (municipal) educational departments, centres were established to study professional orientation and to determine the school preparation level of 6 - 7 years old children.
The general education is compulsory for everybody in the republic. It begins from 10 - 11 years old.
There are three - year secondary special, professional education in Uzbekistan. In professional colleges, along with basic general education programme, students learn modern professions and deep theoretical knowledge on general, professional and special subjects. Professional college graduates further can apply to higher educational institutions.
Higher education, as a rule, begins from 18 - 19 years old and continues for no less than 4 years. It is divided in two stages - bachelor's and master's and foresees the enlargement of independent activity of higher education institutions, introduction of public administration, modern technology and tools for individual study, self - education, a distance learning system, providing with humanitarian and humane direction of education.
The Bachelor's is one of the ways to get the basic higher education. To get the bachelor's degree one studies no less than four years, then he receives a diploma of higher education.
The Master's is a higher special education on a concrete specialisation. On the basis of the bachelor's degree, it lasts for two years. Then, students sit through a qualification state attestation and defend their thesis.
The last stage is a post - graduate course (which lasts for three years following the master's) and doctorate (three years on the basis of a scientific degree of Doctor of Science).
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